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1. 8000 BCE–600 CE
Unit 1 Resources
2. 600 CE–1450CE
Unit 2 Resources
3. 1450 CE–1750 CE
Unit 3 Resources
4. 1750 CE–1914 CE
Unit 4 Resources
5. 1914 CE–Present
Unit 5 Resources
Role of women in different belief systems -- Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, and Hinduism
The roles of women in belief sysems- Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity
From 8000BCE to 600CE the role of women in different religions remained fairly minimal, varying between communties. Society at this age was highly patriarchal and women were seen as subordinate to men.
Chinese moralists saw orderly, patriarchal families as the foundations for a stable society
emphasized the value
, or filial piety, which called for family respect
Admonitions for Women
, written by a woman (Ban Zhao), taught women to practice humility, obedience, subservience, and devotion towards their husbands
status of women was mainly patriarchal
most regions continued to treat women in the same way they did before Christianty spread there, subordinately
in some communities women were allowed to serve as priests and great power was attributed to the
many communities restricted church offices to men and conceived of Christian dieties as men (in some branches of Christiantity church office positions are still today, restricted to men)
still a predominantly patriarchal society.
women were expected to direct affairs within their homes (cleaning, raising children, tending to husband, cooking) but no where else
they had no public authority, couldn't inherit property, and could not rise to the position of priest
Lawbook of Manu
called for respect towards women as long as they were subservient to men
clearly demonstrated the postion of women- at the death of their husbands, women were to throw themselves on his funeral pyre, joining him in death (never became widely practiced)
women were not allowed to remarry after the death of their husband and expected little out of life after that
arose out of Hinduism so it enjoyed many of the same patriarchal values
believed in dismantling the caste system, so in this aspect women gained some rights (more social mobility)
Ultimately, the patriarchal dispositon of society dominated belief systems in the classical era.
Islamic gender roles
Hinduism vs. Confucianism
Great work. The facts support the thesis.-Katie B.
Although Hinduism and Christianity are similar in their strong patriarchal background, they differ in terms of social mobility of women and emphasis on female fidelity.
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