(Ottoman Empire), 1750-1914


Political: Janissaries, Tsar, Revolution of 1905, Constitutional government in 1908, late 18th century governers started taking taxes for themselves, land and freedom party, capitulations, and French syle laws




Economic: Ottoman artisans and craft workers frequently led urban riots to protest against imports, trade of opium, cotton, indigo, and grain, economic decline due to limited resources and trade switched to mari-time trade, became dependent on European loans




Religious: education for Muslims continued by the Ulama




Social: corruption of Janissaries, reform and repression of the Young Ottomans, Young Turks wanted to change social order




Intellectual: Tanzimat reformers drew considerable inspiration from enlightenment thought and constitutional foundation of European states, construction of new schools and mosques




(Technology): westernized, fell before westernized




Near Geographic: loss of Egypt, Greece, Serbia, Balkan provinces- French tour over Egypt, Muhammad, industrialized