Tim Slaughter, Skyler D.

(Europe), 1750-1914


Political

-Absolute monarchies--> revolutions/nationalism (French Rev., Italy, Germany)-->national states.
-Congress of Vienna (1814-15) divide up napoleanic France. Attempt to restore ancien regime
-Some countries (i.e. Britain, France) use constitutions)
-imperial colonialism

Economic

-Agrarian society-->industrial
-Big business/capitalism
-Global empirestrade with unindustrialized countries for raw materials/export finished goods
-Suez Canal assists trade/communication

Religious

-Increased secularization (Europe and Ottoman)
-seperate government and religion

Social

-Peasants supressed by monarchy--> nationalistic movement
-During industrialization workers ruled by clocks instead of free schedule on farms
-Colonial nationalism--> Indian National Congress..fight for freedom from Britain

Intellectual

-Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution change the way scholars work. Instead of believing in divine work, they change to trial and error and figure out wshy things happen.

(Technology)

-New technology replaces manual labor --> industrialization
-Steam engine powers boats for trade and machines in factories
-Up-to-date weapons allow easy European conquest

Near Geographic

-Go from large monarchies to smaller nations
-European powers extend thier authority with colonies
-Focus on SE Asia, Africa