(Americas), 1750-1914


Political

  • The Declaration of Independence(1776)- declare independence from British rule Continental Congress organized resistance against Britain
  • George Washington provided strong military leadership (1732-1799)
  • 1783 Peace of Paris was concluded-British recognized American independence
  • Simon Bolivar-Led movement for South American independence-northern region of S. America, not Brazil.
  • Augustin de Iturbide named himself emperor of Mexico

Economic

  • Boston Tea Party (1773)-revolt against taxes
  • Under control of British imperial powers with taxes and trade.
  • Industrialization in N. America in 19th century, it began in 1820s

Religious

  • Freedom of religion gained after revolution
  • Miguel de Hidalgo-parish priest: led peasant rebellion

Social

  • Colonists rebelled against British-American Revolution
  • U.S. colonists adopted slogan "No taxation with out representation"
  • Enlightenment after 1787
  • Highest social class in Latin America were the Peninsulares-born on Iberian peninsula. The second highest class were the Creoles-Spanish born in latin America
  • Industrialization tore families apart
  • Child labor
  • Men at work and play- men had bulk of income, after work go to bars
  • Haiti revolution-Independence from French, end of slavery

Intellectual

  • mid 18th century adopted English law, books, trade taxes
  • Industrial jobs asked for more educated people

(Technology)

  • Iron and steel industries in pennsylvania and central Alabama
  • Built canals, and private investors established steamship lines and railroad networks for transportation
  • Eli Whitney-Cotton gin, and interchangeable parts in the making of firearms
  • 1913Henry Fordassembly line
  • J.D. Rockefelleroil monopoly

Near Geographic

  • North America-Atlantic Ocean
  • South America-Latin America
  • Central America-Latin America