Russia, 1750-1914


Political: Repression, Labor laws, Zemstvos - Local assemblies with representatives from all classes, Russo-Japanese War - 1904-05 Russian expansion to east leads to conflict with japan, Revolution of 1905: triggered by costly Russian defeat by Japan, Alexander the second, the reforming tsar, assassinated by a bomb in 1881, Nicholas the second (1894-1917) more oppressive, conservative




Economic: Trans Siberian Railroad, Nobles exempt from taxes, Large industrialization




Religious: strong Orthodox church,




Social: Peasants landless, no political power, frustrated by lack of meaningful reform, Intelligentsia - advocated socialism and anachism, recruited in countryside




Intellectual




(Technology)




Near Geographic: Crimean War - Expanded from Manchuria to Baltic Sea