(Japan), 1750-1914


Political

  • Shogun military governor, ruled in retainers in turn for military rights
  • Emporer was only a figure, the shogun monopolized power
  • Sengoku "country at war" due to the power struggle of shogun and daimyo (1700)
  • Daimyo "great names" territorial lords, developed gunpowder weapons
  • Bakufu "tent government"(1700)
  • Russo-Japenes War (1904-1908)
  • Sino-Japenese War (1894-1895)
  • 1810 held hokkaido and Kurile Islands
  • 1879 held Okinana and Ryuko islands
  • Fukuzawa Yukichi (1835-1901) Meiji-era travelers sent to study other countries contitutions
  • Ito Hirobumi (1841-1904) did the same as Yukichi
  • emperor Mushito (reigned 1852-1912) ended Japans civil war on January 3,1868
  • 1800's-The Meiji Restoration and domestic pressure for a constitution and representative goverment
  • Shift from Tokugawa Bakufu to a constitutional government


Economic

  • Increased agricultural production resulting in population increase by 1/3 (1700)
  • Population control "infantcide"
  • Principal income from form of rice (1700)
  • land tax of 1873 (costed peasents 40-50 percent of their crops
  • 1800's-Foreign pressures reversed the long-standing closed door policy and flourished into a successful commercialized society

Religious

  • Buddhism from China
  • Neo-Confucianism
  • Christianity
  • 1800's-Became less and less significant with the establishment of the new government

Social

  • Hierarchy: Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai on top, peasants and artisans below followed by merchants
  • Bushido way of warrior
  • Without wars to fight daimyo and samauri became administrators and government functions
  • 1800's-Destruction of the old social order by abolishing significant military status


Intellectual

  • Chinese intellectual life in Japan
  • Merchant class promoted popular culture
  • "Floating Worlds" pleasure quarters (1750)
  • Books of the floating world
  • Kabuki theater
  • 1800's-The created of a new constitution influenced by Wester Europe and America
  • Meiji travelers such as Fukuzawa Yukichi and Ito Hirobumi traveled to obtain knowledge to strengthen their own society


(Technology)



Near Geographic

  • Absorbed/conquered new lands (Korea, some of Russia)