China, 1750-1914

Courtney Boyer
Alyssa Plesser

Political

  • went from emperor to empress (Dowager Cixi)
  • unified government became seperated due to rebellions like the Taiping and Boxer
  • in 1912 Puyi abdicated the throne
  • Self Strengthening Movement (1860-1895) and 100 days of reform were attempts to modernize and help China-changed economic policies and social aspects of empire
  • Power remained in the Qing Dynasty until 1912


Economic

  • Opium trade was introduced to China in 1838 and led to the Opium War (1839-1842)
  • China was forced into unequal treaties starting with the Treaty of Nanjing after the Opium War- had drastic affects on their economy
  • China went from greatly restricting trade when Qiantong restricted European merchants to Guangzhou to being dominated by European presence throughout the empire and divided by spheres of influence
  • China's economy remained mostly agrarian throughout this period though it experienced little industrialization.


Religious

  • Intellectuals like Liang Qichao and Kang Youwei reinterpreted Confucian thought so that it would justify the radical changes occuring within China's imperial leadership
  • Confucian lost much of its influence and value in the daily lives of the Chinese


Social

  • Confucianism lost social influence
  • People started becoming indentured laborers who went to work for European or American imperial powers
  • The social order remained stratified and didn't change


Intellectual

  • Confucianism was reinterpreted and applied to different elements of the empire
  • China was at first seen as an intellectually endowed place to being called stupid by the Japanese who were looking to seperate themselves from other Asian races


(Technology)



Near Geographic

  • China lost Korea, Taiwan, the Pescadores Islands, and the Liaodong peninsula to Japan in the Sino-Japanese war (1894-1895)