Group Member Names: Robert Fuelle, Nathan, Najor, Jared Baxter, and Chris B.

Type your responses below the question. Bold the notecard terms.

How did human/environmental interaction help and/or hurt the societies of chapter ##?

In chapter 19, human power, pump systems, canals, the oxen harness, and the equal field system all helped china in Ch.19. Nobles skated around in the equal field system by tying people to land and controlled them which was invented in the Tang Dynasty. Another important agriculturl invention that the made was the grand canal in the Sui Dynasty. The grand canal was the worlds largest waterworks project before modern time that let people trans port and important things such as crops easier. They also made gunpowder which greatly changer warfare, even though it wasn't what it was invented for. Because of the new agricultural techniques, they led to urbanization in which cities had as much as 2 million people.
-Robert F.

In what ways did cultural interactions develop in/get introduced to the societies of chapter ##?

cultural developments were introduced through new farming techniques,iron tools, and the oxen harness.

Within the context of chapter ##, what changes or developments occurred as related to state-building?

Changes in State-building Jared Baxter
The changes in China's state-building were mainly due to the changes of the dynasties. When the Han dynasty collasped China entered the Sui dynasty(589-907c.e). This reign was stopped when rebel leader Chang'an seized power and created the the Tang dynasty(618-907c.e). Finally China went through the Song dynasty(960-1279c.e) after the Tang's collaspe. During this time China considered itself the middle kingdom and sought to expand. China invaded Korea, Vietnam and tried to invade Japan but failed. Meanwhile in Japan changes and developments were happening just as they were in China. Japan realized the importance of centralized rule and went through the Nara period(710-794c.e) and the Heian period(794-1185c.e). But this was only temporary and Japan regressed back to decentralized rule during the Kamakura period(1185-1333c.e) and the Muramachi period(1336-1573c.e). During this time the power rested with the shoguns and samurai were polularly used. Korea's main change in state-building was the creation of the Silla dynasty to stop the Chinese invasion which ended in the Silla pledging loyalty to the Chinese. China also invaded Vietnam and even though the techniques were adopted China never controlled them.

In what ways (positive and/or negative) did the societies of chapter ## economically develop?

The printing press was a very impressive achievement in china and spread education throughout the empire much quicker. The restorationof the grand Canal was another impressive implementation of Chinas power.

How did the societies of chapter ## develop and/or transform in the context of this unit?

The people of ancient china had traditions that sculpted their societies. Women who lived as a noble usually bound their feet when they were little so they could have a better life. In the Tang Dynasty women had more rights. Women could own land and even divorce their husbands. Their was even an emperess named Wu Setian(624-705) and she was the only female to run alone. China also prayed to their ancestors and worshipped them. Ancestral worship was when people would make shrines and give offerings to them so their ancestors would help them out. China had an equal field system so peasants and aristocrats could own the same amount of land. In Japan women had more of an influence in their culture than in China. The Tail of Genji was written by a woman. Their land was controlled by a Shogun they gave some land to samurais and the samurais would fight for them. Samurais fought by a code of honor called Bushido. Bushido was unquestioning loyalty and obidience towards their leader.

- Chris B.