Group Member Names: James Bennett, Jhann Washington, and Sarah (i don't know her last Name)

Type your responses below the question. Bold the notecard terms.

How did human/environmental interaction help and/or hurt the societies of chapter 20?

In what ways did cultural interactions develop in/get introduced to the societies of chapter 20?

Within the context of chapter 20, what changes or developments occurred as related to state-building?

In what ways (positive and/or negative) did the societies of chapter 20 economically develop?

In Medieval Europe the creation, expansion, and interaction of the economic systems wrer very little. People were so concerned in getting their "kingdoms" in order. The agricultural and pastorial production made an increase, but only in urbanization. For there was enough food to feed people in cities who are specializing in other jobs than farming. Although trade and commerce reached a high point for Europe. Europe was staring to trade more with people of the notrh such created the Hanseatic League and Investiture. Labor systams and Industrialization are put together for in this time what became new was the guilds. Alot seemed to come out of capitalism and socalism for with guilds involed, the people created cathedral schools and universities in order to teach potential scholars (for capitalism). Now socialism seemed to grow for there wee new laws/ codes to go by for one's kingdom. Chilvary and Excommunication were introduced were one showed loyalty and the other showed ignoring one another.

How did the societies of chapter 20 develop and/or transform in the context of this unit?

The societies of Medieval Europe underwent drastic social and economic change during this time period. As Europe recovered from serious economic despair, towns and cities began to form, which sponsored economic change. This rapid urbanization created new social classes in the form of guilds. Guilds provided not only economic support for their members, but social support as well. The cities of Medieval Europe offered fresh opportunities for people, especially women. In this era, women occupied many jobs previously reserved for men, and many joined guilds. In addition, this era ushered in a new educational system and school of thought. As cities became more urbanized, the need for educated individuals increased. In response to this, cathedrals began offering a basic education for students (cathedral schools) and this method of schooling soon developed into universities. A professor at one university, Saint Thomas Aquinas, even developed a new system of thought by blending Christian views with those of Aristotle. Along with all these dramatic changes came two men who led a reformation. Saint Francis and Saint Dominic grew tired of the increasing materialism of the Catholic church and inspired a puritan movement that, for its followers at least, purged them of their material needs. Finally, even the nobles were touched by all of the change in this time period. Chivalry, a new code of ethics for nobles, required knights to devote themselves to the causes of order, piety, and the Christian faith.