In what ways did cultural interactions develop in/get introduced to the societies of chapter ##?

Most of Byzantine's culture came straight from the Roman Empire. Christianity, Rome's official religion at the time of fall, carried on in Byzantium, but with notable differences. Caesaropapism gave the emperor an even greater absolute power over the people, as well as the church. St. Basil promoted asceticism, which reached Byzantium from Egypt. Iconoclasm was a big Caesaropapist move by the emperor to affect the church, and showed just how much influence he possessed. The emperor's churchly powers eventually led to the pope mutually excommunicating him, and the churches divided. A fine example of Byzantine art would be the Hagia Sophia, which was constructed under orders of Justinian. It included a gigantic dome, similar to those built by Europeans during the renaissance.

Within the context of chapter ##, what changes or developments occurred as related to state-building?

Like culture, much of Byzantine's original state system came from Rome. Constantine had moved the capital there himself while the Roman empire was still alive, so Constantinople was already set up as a capital. The emperor Justinian had the largest effect on state-building in Byzantine. He completely reviewed and revised the laws into a new "Justinian's Code", which was a large move indeed. In addition, the idea of Caesaropapism developed, which eventually led to iconoclasm from a later emperor. The Corpus iuris civilus was a great step in laying a social foundation, and it originated from the state as an unofficial set of laws. Eventually, a Byzantine emperor developed the idea of crusades, and handed it to the pope. The pope made it happen, and ironically, the fourth crusade sacked Constantinople and set Byzantium on a downward slope to destruction.